1. The first version of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) scheme was launched in 2015 to encourage and promote skill development in the country by providing free short duration skill training and incentivizing this by providing monetary rewards to youth for skill certification. The overall idea was to boost employability of youth corresponding to the industrial demand.
2. After the successful implementation of PMKVY (2015-16) and learnings from the past, PMKVY 2.0 (2016-20) was launched by scaling up sectors, geographies and by greater alignment with other missions / programs of Government of India such as ‘Make in India’, ‘Digital India’ and ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’. PMKVY 2.0 is being implemented since 15th July 2016 and was scheduled to be completed by 31st March 2020. The scheme has been extended for one year for skilling of migrant workers.
3. Based on the learnings of PMKVY 2.0 and to reorient the scheme to be in sync with the present scenario of policy changes and changing priority in different sectors, it is decided to speed up the implementation of PMKVY 3.0. The scheme shall be implemented in two phases: 1st phase shall be implemented on pilot basis during the year 2020- 21 known as PMKVY 3.0 (2020-21). The scheme shall initiate the creation of implementation framework for the second phase (2021-2026) of the scheme. This Guideline document is meant for the first phase of PMKVY 3.0 (2020-21).
4. The scheme shall supplement the support of various schemes being run by the Central and State Governments, including but not limited to, National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS), MUDRA loans under Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY), Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) / Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM), Mahatma Gandhi National Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) and other similar programs that have goals similar to PMKVY 3.0 for generation of livelihood opportunities for the candidates trained under the scheme.
5. A comprehensive mapping of the schemes being run by Central / State Governments shall be done, in order to create a mechanism for better convergence, in a phased manner, with PMKVY 3.0. This will ensure a greater linkage of the schemes with the skills ecosystem.
Objectives of PMKVY 3.0 (2020-21)
The objectives of the scheme are to:
1 Create an ecosystem for the youth to make informed choices on the available skilling avenues.
2 Provide support to youth for skill training and certification.
3 Promote sustainable Skill Centres for greater participation of the private sector.
4 Benefit 8 lakh youth over the scheme period (2020-21).
Approach to roll out of PMKVY 3.0
The basic premise for the scheme is to create a skilled and certified workforce, who not only contribute towards the growth of India but also drive the country into becoming the global skills capital. To achieve this more holistically, significant core and peripheral reforms have been envisaged for the implementation approach for the scheme. With the limited window available for implementation, the focus of the scheme shall be to create a detailed framework for the new provisions and pilot them for a larger rollout in the second phase of the scheme.
The core principles of the scheme shall be as follows:
1 Trainee / learner-centric from the earlier training provider-driven model.
2 Planning from below, with District-level plans being the fundamental instruments for implementation.
3 Enhance the role of State / UTs in the entire implementation process of the scheme. Strengthening District Skill Committees (DSCs), State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs) /State Directorate of Technical Education or Skill Development through handholding, strategic, and funding support.
4 Create a pool of certified trainers for which direct funding shall be provided for the Training of Trainers (ToT) programs.
5 Major focus on up-skilling / re-skilling with a focus on future skills (industry 4.0) courses to increase the productivity of the existing workforce.
6 Focus on Online / Digital mode of Training for wider coverage.
7 Introduce significant reforms in the assessment ecosystem which would include Common Assessment Centres (CACs) and the use of online assessment tools.
8 Large scale grass-root publicity (including Booklet and Pamphlet distribution) Media Campaigns /Awareness Programs shall be undertaken.
To support the scheme to achieve its objectives, the following support structure has been planned:
1 Initiate creation of nodal skill information and service centers at the district level.
2 Create awareness about skill development training and mobilizing youth to take upskill training and become employable to earn their livelihood.
3 Skill gap survey and analysis on a continuous basis to address the industry needs and contemporary market demand.
4 Encourage further standardisation through the complete training process and create a registry of skills.
5 Strive to create state-of-the-art and sustainable skill Training Centres.
6 Encourage Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) to create Centres of Excellence (CoE).
7 Private sector participation in the PMKVY 3.0 to be further encouraged with a greater focus on training in industries.
8 Greater cross-utilization of available infrastructure with Universities / Colleges / ITIs /Polytechnics / Schools.
9 Initiate coordination with the Ministry of Education (MoE) for the phase-wise introduction of vocational courses in schools.
10 Broad-based process convergence of multiple skill development schemes of the Central Ministries with this scheme in a phased manner.
11 Preferential target allocation shall be done for Aspirational, Left-wing Extremism (LWE), North Eastern Regions (NER), Hilly Regions, and any other focused districts/regions as identified by the Government of India.
12 Providing monetary reward to youth post skill certification.
13 Provision of add-on bridge courses and language courses for making scheme compatible internationally, to provide international employment opportunities to the Indian youth.
PMKVY 3.0, being a demand-driven scheme, training target may be dynamically fixed as per recommendations of Steering Committee. Based on the experiences from PMKVY 2.0 (2016-20
This scheme will have two components:
1 Centrally Sponsored Centrally Managed (CSCM) known as the Central Component to be implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
Centrally Sponsored State Managed (CSSM) known as the State Component to be implemented by the State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs) / respective Departments of the States / UTs.
2 Total target of the scheme will be divided approximately in the ratio of 75:25 between Central and State Components respectively. However, States having performed well and willing to take higher targets shall be allocated accordingly based on an assessment of their performance.
3 The Steering Committee of the scheme is empowered for taking appropriate decisions in the matters of dynamic fixation of targets, without affecting the overall financial outlay. Steering Committee can reallocate the target if the situation so warrants under CSCM / CSSM component at any time in any appropriate ratio. This will generate competitiveness among States towards effective implementation of Skill India initiatives of the Government.
The scheme envisages working more closely with the State and District machinery through SSDMs and DSCs. DSCs would be playing a pivotal role under the guidance of SSDMs in PMKVY 3.0. In addition to mobilization, counselling, and batch-formation, DSCs would also be involved in monitoring and supervision of the scheme at the district level, coordinating with nodal and other ITIs for implementation of STT, provide post-training support including handholding for placements/self-employment, verification of placements and grievance redressal. Table 2 outlines the roles and responsibilities as identified for various stakeholders during the training lifecycle.
The handholding and mentoring shall be provided by institutions such as Directorate General of Training (DGT), National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), Sector Skill Councils (SSCs), National Institute for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development (NIESBUD), and Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship (IIE).
Strategic support in areas such as Information Technology (IT) interventions, capacity building of SSDMs, empanelment of Training Providers, curriculum development and any other need-based support for smooth implementation of the scheme will be provided by NSDC.
National Skill Training Institutes (NSTIs) may also be utilized for Training of Trainers (ToT) of Short-Term Training (STT) trainers. A reformed assessment and certification system shall be built under the scheme which will be done through a unified regulatory framework of the National Council of Vocational Education and Training (NCVET).
The General Financial Rules (GFR) shall be followed by SSDM and NSDC in regards to PMKVY 3.0. NSDC and SSDM shall adhere to the Guidelines regarding expenditure and submission of Utilization Certificates (UCs). Funds under the scheme will be transacted under Public Financial Management System (PFMS) platform. Direct monetary rewards as paid to the candidates shall be done through PFMS linking with Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) Bharat Portal. The detailed mechanism has been mentioned in Annexure
To remove duplication, lack of standardization, varied norms for enrolment and training PMKVY 3.0 (2020-21) seeks convergence with other skill development schemes of all Central Ministries and States / UTs in a phased manner. This convergence may happen in the following way:
NSQF alignment of more than 3,000 job roles, implementation of Common Cost Norms, and establishment of a unified regulator through NCVET. This is an ongoing process and already significant convergence has been achieved.
Creation of a common database through Skill India Portal (SIP), Training Centre (TC) quality regulation through SIP, implementation of SIP for accreditation and certification, and integration with State Management Information System (MIS). Application Programming Interface (API) integration with the National Council of Vocational Training MIS portal and Apprenticeship Portal shall also be done. The process has already started.
Initiate the Aadhaar-based selection of trainees through Skill India Portal for all skilling schemes. Further, the registration, selection, and enrolment procedure for skilling programs under Central Ministries shall be done through a common single portal / App.
Administrative Structure of the Scheme
Steering Committee: A Steering Committee shall be constituted by MSDE, at the apex level, for broad policy direction, framing operational Guidelines, and dynamic fixation of targets with the corresponding reallocation of funds between CSCM and CSSM and between STT, RPL, and Special Projects beyond the powers of the Executive Committee, periodic review, monitoring and mid-course correction.
Executive Committee: An Executive Committee shall be constituted for overseeing the regular functioning of the scheme, recommending to Steering Committee any policy or operational corrections for improving the implementation of PMKVY 3.0, reviewing and approving of proposals in accordance with the Guidelines or any other functions as deemed fit by Steering Committee.
Composition of Steering Committee and Executive Committee: Steering Committee shall be chaired by the Secretary, MSDE. Executive Committee shall be chaired by the Additional /Joint Secretary, MSDE. The detailed composition of both the Committees is as per Annexure 2.
Components of the Scheme
Under the proposed scheme, skill training will be imparted into three categories, namely:
Short Term Training (STT): The training under the STT courses generally ranges between 200-600 hours (2 to 6 months). The courses are National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) aligned and imparted at accredited & affiliated Training Centres. School / college dropouts or unemployed youth of Indian nationality shall benefit from the scheme. Successfully certified candidates shall be provided placement /entrepreneurship/apprenticeship assistance.
Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL): RPL enables Indian youth to obtain industry-relevant skill certification. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills can register themselves and get assessed and certified under the RPL component of the scheme. RPL mainly focuses on the individuals engaged in unregulated sectors. The duration of the training / orientation under RPL ranges between 12-80 hours.
Special Projects: This component is meant for projects that require some deviation from the terms and conditions of Short-Term Training under PMKVY depending on special needs in terms of geography, demography and social groups. Special Projects component envisages training in special areas and/or premises of Government institutions, Corporates, or Industry bodies, and training pertaining to special job roles that are not defined under the available Qualification Packs (QPs) / National Occupational Standards (NOSs). Financial outlay and physical target for the Special Projects will be the part of STT component of scheme. Executive Committee: An Executive Committee shall be constituted for overseeing the regular functioning of the scheme, recommending to Steering Committee any policy or operational corrections for improving the implementation of PMKVY 3.0, reviewing and approving of proposals in accordance with the Guidelines or any other functions as deemed fit by Steering Committee. Composition of Steering Committee and Executive Committee: Steering Committee shall be chaired by the Secretary, MSDE. Executive Committee shall be chaired by the Additional /Joint Secretary, MSDE. The detailed composition of both the Committees is as per Annexure 2.
Modes of Training
The modes of training that may be adopted under PMKVY 3.0 are 11.1.1 100% classroom-based approach: Both theory and practical shall be conducted physically at PMKVY 3.0 affiliated Training Centres.
Blended approach: Theory portion, of course, maybe delivered through digital/online mode and the practical portion to be delivered at the affiliated Training Centre, by using the physical training infrastructure.
Branding is an important aspect of communicating the scheme. All the Training Centres need to brand their respective centres with collaterals for promotional activities in accordance with these Guidelines. The Training Centres shall also promote activities conducted at their centres on various social media platforms. The Branding and Communications Guidelines of the scheme shall be issued separately.
NSDC shall provide the IT and technical support for the implementation of both Central and State component of the scheme. Broadly, there are three stages of the training, i.e. pretraining (centre accreditation, target allocation, candidate registration and enrolment), training and post-training (placement, placement tracking). Since each of these activities would require support from multiple stakeholders, the IT architecture would be designed to support the scheme.